Work that has informed MOBILISE includes:


Ahmadov, Anar K., and Gwendolyn Sasse. 2016. “A Voice Despite Exit: The Role of Assimilation, Emigrant Networks, and Destination in Emigrants’ Transnational Political Engagement.” Comparative Political Studies 49(1): 78–114.

Andrews, Kenneth T., and Michael Biggs. 2006. “The Dynamics of Protest Diffusion: Movement Organizations, Social Networks, and News Media in the 1960 Sit-Ins.” American Sociological Review 71(5): 752–777.

Bakewell, Oliver, Godfried Engbersen, Maria Lucinda Fonseca, and Cindy Horst. 2015. Beyond Networks: Feedback in International Migration. Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Baltar, Fabiola, and Ignasi Brunet. 2012. “Social Research 2.0: Virtual Snowball Sampling Method Using Facebook.” internet Research 22(1): 57–74.

Barry, Colin M., K. Chad Clay, Michael E. Flynn, and Gregory Robinson. 2014. “Freedom of Foreign Movement, Economic Opportunities Abroad, and Protest in Non-Democratic Regimes.” Journal of Peace Research 51(5): 574–88.

Barsbai, Toman, Hillel Rapoport, Andreas Steinmayr, and Christoph Trebesch. 2017. “The Effect of Labor Migration on the Diffusion of Democracy: Evidence from a Former Soviet Republic.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 9(3): 36–69.

Bartels, Larry, and Nancy Bermeo. 2014. Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession. Oxford University Press.

Bartels, Larry M. 2000. “Partisanship and Voting Behavior, 1952-1996.” American Journal of Political Science 44(1): 35–50.

Beissinger, Mark. 2013. “The Semblance of Democratic Revolution: Coalitions in Ukraine’s Orange Revolution.” American Political Science Review , 107(3):574-59.

Bloemraad, Irene, and Christine Trost. 2008. “It’s a Family Affair: Intergenerational Mobilization in the Spring 2006 Protests.” American Behavioral Scientist 52(4): 507–32.

Bohstedt, John. 1994. “The Dynamics of Riots: Escalation and Diffusion/Contagion.” The dynamics of aggression: Biological and social processes in dyads and groups, ed. M. Potegal & JF Knutson: 257–306.

Borjas, George J. 1987. “Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants.” The American Economic Review; Nashville 77(4): 531.

Bunce, Valerie, and Sharon L. Wolchik. 2007. “Transnational Networks, Diffusion Dynamics, and Electoral Revolutions in the Postcommunist World.” Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 378(1): 92–99.

Burgess, Katrina. 2012. “Migrants, Remittances, and Politics: Loyalty and Voice after Exit Feature.” Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 36: 43–56.

Cassarino, Jean-Pierre. 2004. “Theorising Return Migration: The Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited.”

Castles, Stephen, Hein De Haas, and Mark J. Miller. 2013. The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. Palgrave Macmillan.

Chandon, Pierre, Vicki G. Morwitz, and Werner J. Reinartz. 2005. “Do Intentions Really Predict Behavior? Self-Generated Validity Effects in Survey Research.” Journal of Marketing 69(2): 1–14.

Chaudhary, Ali R. 2017. “Voting Here and There: Political Integration and Transnational Political Engagement among Immigrants in Europe.” Global Networks, 18(3): 437-460.

Chiswick, Barry R. 1978. “The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-Born Men.” Journal of Political Economy 86(5): 897–921.

CNTS. 2016. “Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive.” Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive.

Cooray, Arusha, and Friedrich Schneider. 2016. “Does Corruption Promote Emigration? An Empirical Examination.” Journal of Population Economics 29(1): 293–310.

Czaika, Mathias, and Hein de Haas. 2012. “The Role of Internal and International Relative Deprivation in Global Migration.” Oxford Development Studies 40(4): 423–42.

Dalton, Russell. 2002. Comparing Democracies 2: New Challenges in the Study of Elections and Voting. eds. Lawrence LeDuc, Richard G Niemi, and Pippa Norris. London ; Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Dalton, Russell J. 1996. “Comparative Politics: Micro-Behavioral Perspectives.” A new handbook of political science. Oxford University Press, New York: 336–352.

DaVanzo, Julie. 1981. “Repeat Migration, Information Costs, and Location-Specific Capital.” Population & Environment 4(1): 45–73.

Davenport, Christian. 2007. “State Repression and Political Order.” Annual Review of Political Science 10(1): 1–23.

De Haas, Hein. 2010. “Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective.” International Migration Review 44(1): 227–64.

De Haas, Hein, and Nado Sigona. 2012. “Migration And Revolution.” Forced Migration Review 39(4).

Della Porta, Donatella, ed. 2006. Globalization from below: Transnational Activists and Protest Networks. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

———. 2012. “Mobilizing against the Crisis, Mobilizing for ‘Another Democracy’: Comparing Two Global Waves of Protest.” Interface 4(1): 274–277.

———. 2013. “Repertoires of Contention.” The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements.

Della Porta, Donatella, Herbert Reiter, the collaboration of Massimiliano Andretta, and Federico Rossi”. 2012. “Desperately Seeking Politics: Political Attitudes of Participants in Three Demonstrations for Worker’s Rights in Italy.” Mobilization: An International Quarterly 17(3): 349–61.

Destatis. 2015. “Pressemitteilungen – Ausländische Bevölkerung.”  (June 20, 2017).

Diani, Mario. 2004. Networks and Participation. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Diani, Mario, and Doug McAdam. 2003. Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action: Relational Approaches to Collective Action. Oxford University Press.

Docquier, Frédéric. 2006. Brain Drain and Inequality Across Nations. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. SSRN Scholarly Paper. (January 23, 2017).

Doyle, David. 2015. “Remittances and Social Spending.” American Political Science Review 109(4): 785–802.

Druckman, James N., Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia. 2006. “The Growth and Development of Experimental Research in Political Science.” American Political Science Review 100(4): 627–635.

Ersanilli, Evelyn. 2010. Comparing Integration: Host Culture Adoption and Ethnic Retention Among Turkish Immigrants and Their Descendents in France, Germany and the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit.

Ersanilli, Evelyn, and Ruud Koopmans. 2013. The Six Country Immigrant Integration Comparative Survey (SCIICS): Technical Report. Berlin: WZB Social Science Research Centre.

Fafchamps, Marcel, and Forhad Shilpi. 2013. “Determinants of the Choice of Migration Destination*.” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 75(3): 388–409.

Farré, Lídia, and Francesco Fasani. 2013. “Media Exposure and Internal Migration—Evidence from Indonesia.” Journal of Development Economics 102: 48–61.

Feliciano, Cynthia. 2005. “Educational Selectivity in U.S. Immigration: How Do Immigrants Compare to Those Left Behind?” Demography 42(1): 131–52.

Flippen, Chenoa. 2013. “Relative Deprivation and Internal Migration in the United States: A Comparison of Black and White Men.” American Journal of Sociology 118(5): 1161–98.

Fournier, Patrick et al. 2001. “Validation of Time-of-Voting-Decision Recall.” Public Opinion Quarterly: 95–107.

Garip, Filiz. 2016. On the Move: Changing Mechanisms of Mexico-U.S. Migration. Princeton University Press.

Germano, Roy. 2013. “Migrants’ Remittances and Economic Voting in the Mexican Countryside.” Electoral Studies 32(4): 875–885.

Gerring, John. 2007. Case Study Research. Cambridge University Press Cambridge.

Gibson, Rachel. 2017. “Super Size Me! The up and Downsides of Augmenting Survey Data with Social Media Profiles.” Presented at the University of Manchester.

Glynn, Adam N. 2013. “What Can We Learn with Statistical Truth Serum? Design and Analysis of the List Experiment.” Public Opinion Quarterly 77(S1): 159–172.

Goldstone, Jack A., and Charles Tilly. 2001. “Threat (and Opportunity): Popular Action and State Response in the Dynamics of Contentious Action.” Silence and voice in the study of contentious politics: 179–94.

Gonzalez-Ferrer, A. et al. 2013. Factors of Migration between Africa and  Europe: Assessing the Role of Resources,  Networks and Context.  A Comparative Approach. Paris: INED. .

Gould, Roger V. 1993. “Collective Action and Network Structure.” American Sociological Review 58(2): 182–96.

Gurr, Ted. 1970. Why Men Rebel. Princeton University Press.

Guveli, Ayse et al. 2017. “2,000 Families: Identifying the Research Potential of an Origins-of-Migration Study.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 40(14): 2558–76.

Habermas, Jürgen. 1971. Toward a Rational Society: Student Protest, Science, and Politics. Beacon Press.

Hainmueller, Jens, Daniel J. Hopkins, and Teppei Yamamoto. 2013. “Causal Inference in Conjoint Analysis: Understanding Multidimensional Choices via Stated Preference Experiments.” Political Analysis 22(1): 1–30.

Hall, Robert L., Mark Rodeghier, and Bert Useem. 1986. “Effects of Education on Attitude to Protest.” American Sociological Review: 564–573.

Hare, Denise. 1999. “‘Push’ versus ‘Pull’ Factors in Migration Outflows and Returns: Determinants of Migration Status and Spell Duration among China’s Rural Population.” The Journal of Development Studies 35(3): 45–72.

Hatton, Timothy J., and Jeffrey G. Williamson. 2005. “What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?” In Poverty, International Migration and Asylum, Studies in Development Economics and Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 15–38.

Hirschman, Albert O. 1993. “Exit, Voice, and the Fate of the German Democratic Republic: An Essay in Conceptual History.” World Politics 45(02): 173–202.

INE. 2014. “TablaPoblación Extranjera Por Sexo, País de Nacionalidad y Edad (Hasta 85 y Más).”  (June 20, 2017).

IOM. 2016. “Global Migration Trends Factsheet 2015.” (June 21, 2017).

Jäger, Kai. 2017. “The Potential of Online Sampling for Studying Political Activists around the World and across Time.” Political Analysis: 1–15.

Kapur, Devesh. 2010. Diaspora, Development, and Democracy: The Domestic Impact of International Migration from India. Princeton University Press.

Kerbo, Harold R. 1982. “Movements of ‘Crisis’ and Movements of ‘Affluence’ A Critique of Deprivation and Resource Mobilization Theories.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 26(4): 645–663.

Khoo, Siew-Ean, Graeme Hugo, and Peter McDonald. 2008. “Which Skilled Temporary Migrants Become Permanent Residents and Why?” International Migration Review 42(1): 193–226.

Kinder, Donald R., and Thomas R. Palfrey. 1993. Experimental Foundations of Political Science. University of Michigan Press.

King, Russell, and Parvati Raghuram. 2013. “International Student Migration: Mapping the Field and New Research Agendas.” Population, Space and Place 19(2): 127–137.

Kitschelt, Herbert P. 1986. “Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies.” British Journal of Political Science 16(1): 57–85.

Klandermans, Bert, Jojanneke van der Toorn, and Jacquelien van Stekelenburg. 2008. “Embeddedness and Identity: How Immigrants Turn Grievances into Action.” American Sociological Review 73(6): 992–1012.

Lafleur, Jean-Michel, and Mar?a Sanchez-Dominguez. 2015. “The Political Choices of Emigrants Voting in Home Country Elections: A Socio-Political Analysis of the Electoral Behaviour of Bolivian External Voters.” Migration Studies 3(2): 155–81.

Levitt, Peggy, Josh DeWind, and Steven Vertovec. 2003. “International Perspectives on Transnational Migration: An Introduction.” International Migration Review 37(3): 565–75.

Levy, Mildred B., and Walter J. Wadycki. 1974. “Education and the Decision to Migrate: An Econometric Analysis of Migration in Venezuela.” Econometrica: journal of the Econometric Society: 377–388.

Liu, Mao-Mei. 2013. “Migrant Networks and International Migration: Testing Weak Ties.” Demography 50(4): 1243–77.

Lohmann, Susanne. 1994. “The Dynamics of Informational Cascades.” World politics 47(1): 42–101.

Lokot, Tetyana. 2013. “As Ukraine’s Protests Escalate, #Euromaidan Hashtag Lost in a Sea of Information.Global Voices.

MacDermid, Robert H. 1989. “The Recall of Past Partisanship: Feeble Memories or Frail Concepts.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 22(2): 363–375.

Manski, Charles F. 1990. “The Use of Intentions Data to Predict Behavior: A Best-Case Analysis.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 85(412): 934–940.

Massey, Douglas S. et al. 1993. “Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal.” Population and Development Review 19(3): 431–66.

———. 1999. Worlds in Motion : Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium. Clarendon Press.

Massey, Douglas S., and Kristin E. Espinosa. 1997. “What’s Driving Mexico-U.S. Migration? A Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Analysis.” American Journal of Sociology 102(4): 939–99.

Mayda, Anna Maria. 2010. “International Migration: A Panel Data Analysis of the Determinants of Bilateral Flows.” Journal of Population Economics 23(4): 1249–74.

McKenzie, David J., and Johan Mistiaen. 2009. “Surveying Migrant Households: A Comparison of Census-Based, Snowball and Intercept Point Surveys.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 172(2): 339–360.

McKenzie, David, and Hillel Rapoport. 2007. “Network Effects and the Dynamics of Migration and Inequality: Theory and Evidence from Mexico.” Journal of development Economics 84(1): 1–24.

Meseguer, Covadonga, Sebastián Lavezzolo, and Javier Aparicio. 2016. “Financial Remittances, Trans-Border Conversations, and the State.” Comparative Migration Studies 4(1): 13.

Meyer, David S. 2004. “Protest and Political Opportunities.” Annual review of sociology: 125–145.

Miller, Gina Lei, and Emily Hencken Ritter. 2014. “Emigrants and the Onset of Civil War.” Journal of Peace Research 51(1): 51–64.

Moore, Will H. 1998. “Repression and Dissent: Substitution, Context, and Timing.” American Journal of Political Science 42(3): 851–73.

Mora, Jorge, and Edward Taylor. 2006a. “Determinants Of Migration, Destination, And Sector Choice: Disentangling Individual, Household, And Community Effects.” pp: 21–52, in International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain, Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan.

Muller, Edward N., and Karl-Dieter Opp. 1986. “Rational Choice and Rebellious Collective Action.” The American Political Science Review 80(2): 471.

Newland, Kathleen. 2010. Voice After Exit: Diaspora Advocacy. Migration Policy Institute.

Newton, Kenneth. 1999. “Mass Media Effects: Mobilization or Media Malaise?” British Journal of Political Science 29(04): 577–599.

Norris, Pippa. 1999. Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-Term Perspective. ed. Geoffrey Evans. London: Sage Publications.

———. 2002. The Bridging and Bonding Role of Online Communities. Sage Publications Sage CA: Thousand Oaks, CA.

ONS. 2016. “Population of the United Kingdom by Country of Birth and Nationality – Annual Population Survey (APS) Office for National Statistics (ONS).”

Onuch, Olga. 2014a. Mapping Mass Mobilizations: Understanding Revolutionary Moments in Ukraine and Argentina. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

———. 2014b. “Who Were the Protesters?” Journal of Democracy 25(3): 44–51.

———. 2014c. “The Puzzle of Mass Mobilization: Conducting Protest Research in Ukraine, 2004–2014.” Reviews & Critical Commentary: Council of Europe.

———. 2015. “Euromaidan Protests in Ukraine: Social Media Versus Social Networks.” Problems of Post-Communism 62: 1–19.

———. 2018. “Secondary Survey Data on Migration and Protest: Content, Geographic Scope, and Limitations.” . Scoping Report on Data Availability.

Onuch, Olga, and Henry E. Hale. 2017. “Post-Protest Polarisation in the Post-Communist Region: Support for EM Claims After the Protest Is Over?” In San Fransisco.

Onuch, Olga, Henry Hale, Nadiya Kravets, and Timothy Colton. 2016. “Regions and Revolution: Determinants of Support For Protest in Ukraine in 2014.” In Panel of the Association for the Study of Nationalities., Philadelphia, USA.

Opp, Karl-Dieter. 1988. “Grievances and Participation in Social Movements.” American sociological review: 853–864.

———. 1990. “Postmaterialism, Collective Action, and Political Protest.” American Journal of Political Science 34(1): 212–35.

———. 2004. “‘What Is Is Always Becoming What Ought to Be’: How Political Action Generates a Participation Norm.” European Sociological Review: 13–29.

———. 2009. Theories of Political Protest and Social Movements: A Multidisciplinary Introduction, Critique, and Synthesis. London ; New York: Routledge.

Osa, Maryjane. 2003. Solidarity and Contention: Networks of Polish Oppositions. University of MINNESOTA Press.

Østergaard-Nielsen, Eva. 2003. “The Politics of Migrants’ Transnational Political Practices.” International Migration Review 37(3): 760–86.

Palloni, Alberto et al. 2001. “Social Capital and International Migration: A Test Using Information on Family Networks.” American Journal of Sociology 106(5): 1262–98.

Parkins, Natasha C. 2010. “Push and Pull Factors of Migration.” American Review of Political Economy; Winston-Salem 8(2): 6–24.

Pérez-Armendáriz, Clarisa, and David Crow. 2010. “Do Migrants Remit Democracy? International Migration, Political Beliefs, and Behavior in Mexico.” Comparative political studies 43(1): 119–148.

Pierskalla, Jan Henryk. 2010. “Protest, Deterrence, and Escalation: The Strategic Calculus of Government Repression.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 54(1): 117–45.

Rasler, Karen. 1996. “Concessions, Repression, and Political Protest in the Iranian Revolution.” American Sociological Review 61(1): 132–52.

Raymer, James, and Andrei Rogers. 2007. “Using Age and Spatial Flow Structures in the Indirect Estimation of Migration Streams.” Demography 44(2): 199–223.

Regan, Patrick M., and Richard W. Frank. 2014. “Migrant Remittances and the Onset of Civil War.” Conflict Management and Peace Science 31(5): 502–20.

Robertson, Graeme B., and Emmanuel Teitelbaum. 2011. “Foreign Direct Investment, Regime Type, and Labor Protest in Developing Countries.” American Journal of Political Science 55(3): 665–77.

Rosenfeld, Bryn. Forthcoming. “Reevaluating the Middle Class Protest Paradigm: A Case-Control Study of Democratic Protest Coalitions in Russia.” APSR.

———. 2017. “Reevaluating the Middle-Class Protest Paradigm: A Case-Control Study of Democratic Protest Coalitions in Russia.” American Political Science Review: 1–16.

Rosenzweig, Mark. 2007. “Education and Migration: A Global Perspective.” Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Samuels, David J., and Cesar Zucco. 2013. “Using Facebook as a Subject Recruitment Tool for Survey-Experimental Research.”

Saunders, Clare et al. 2012. “Explaining Differential Protest Participation: Novices, Returners, Repeaters, and Stalwarts.” Mobilization: An International Quarterly 17(3): 263–80.

Scott, Allen J. 2010. “Jobs or Amenities? Destination Choices of Migrant Engineers in the USA*.” Papers in Regional Science 89(1): 43–63.

Sherkat, Darren E., and T. Jean Blocker. 1994. “The Political Development of Sixties’ Activists: Identifying the Influence of Class, Gender, and Socialization on Protest Participation.” Social Forces: 821–842.

Smith, Tom W. 1984. “Recalling Attitudes: An Analysis of Retrospective Questions on the 1982 GSS.” Public Opinion Quarterly 48(3): 639–649.

Snow, David A., and Robert D. Benford. 1992. “Master Frames and Cycles of Protest.” Frontiers in social movement theory: 133–155.

Snow, David A., Louis A. Zurcher Jr, and Sheldon Ekland-Olson. 1980. “Social Networks and Social Movements: A Microstructural Approach to Differential Recruitment.” American sociological review: 787–801.

Solimano, Andrés. 2005. “Development Cycles, Political Regimes and International Migration: Argentina in the Twentieth Century.” In Poverty, International Migration and Asylum, eds. George J. Borjas and Jeff Crisp. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 251–75.

Stark, Oded, and J. Edward Taylor. 1991. “Migration Incentives, Migration Types: The Role of Relative Deprivation.” The Economic Journal 101(408): 1163–78.

Stolle, Dietlind, and Marc Hooghe. 2011. “Shifting Inequalities: Patterns of Exclusion and Inclusion in Emerging Forms of Political Participation.” European Societies 13(1): 119–142.

Strijbis, Oliver. 2015. “Beyond Opportunity Structures: Explaining Migrant Protest in Western Europe, 1975–2005.” Comparative Migration Studies 3(1). (January 26, 2018).

Tarrow, Sidney. 1994. Power in Movement: Social Movements, Collective Action and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tarrow, Sidney G. 1998. Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics.

Tarrow, Sidney G. 2012. Strangers at the Gates: Movements and States in Contentious Politics. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Tilly, Charles. 1978. From Mobilisation to Revolution. Boston: Longman Higher Education.

———. 2006. Regimes and Repertoires. University of Chicago Press.

Toma, Sorana, and Sophie Vause. 2014. “Gender Differences in the Role of Migrant Networks: Comparing Congolese and Senegalese Migration Flows.” International Migration Review 48(4): 972–97.

Tucker, Joshua A. 2007. “Enough! Electoral Fraud, Collective Action Problems, and Post-Communist Colored Revolutions.” Perspectives on Politics 5(03): 535–51.

Tucker, Joshua, Megan Metzger, and Pablo Barberá. 2014. SMaPP Lab Data Report: Ukraine Protests 2013-2014. New York, NY, USA: Social Media and Political Participation Lab, New York University. .

Van Selm, Martine, and Nicholas W. Jankowski. 2006. “Conducting Online Surveys.” Quality & Quantity 40(3): 435–456.

Verba, Sidney, Kay Lehman Schlozman, and Henry E. Brady. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Harvard University Press.

Vertovec, Steven. 2003. “Migration and Other Modes of Transnationalism: Towards Conceptual Cross-Fertilization.” International Migration Review 37(3): 641–65.